Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. Hardiness: 9b to 11: Reviews There are no reviews yet. Origin: It is native to Southeast Asia and India. http://itp.lucidcentral.org/id/palms/palm-id/Caryota_mitis.htm, http://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Caryota_mitis&oldid=134719, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). The fishtail palm can be used in shrub borders and outdoor container plantings. My caryota mitis grows fine in Ventura, California. Slightly Acidic Soil pH. The fruit contains crystal oxalate which will irritate the eyes and skin. Caryota mitis is the fishtail palm most commonly sold for houseplant and landscape use. Needs to be planted as an understorey palm. There are about 13 species native to Asia (China, India, Indonesia, etc. Fishtail palm can also be propagated by division of clumps and separation of suckers from the parent cluster. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Caryota, Variegated Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis) 'Variegata' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garde... PLANTFILES. Fishtail palm can also be propagated by division of clumps and separation of suckers from the parent cluster. Florida Palm Trees is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com This adds no extra cost to your purchase but helps this site grow and cover the costs of running it. Followers 3. "Himalaya", would be a better choice. Growth Rate: Moderate. Scientific name: Caryota mitis Pronunciation: kair-ee-OH-tuh MIT-iss Common name(s): Fishtail palm Family: Arecaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southeast Asia UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: caution, may be recommended but manage to prevent escape (South); not considered a problem species at this time, may be recommended (North, Central) Uses: indoors; specimen; deck or patio; container or planter; screen Cold Hardiness: Can survive a protected spot in the temperate garden. Hardiness USDA zone: 8b Comments and Curiosities Each slender stem is topped with several bipinnate leaves that can reach 9 ft (3 m) in length. Original publication date November 1993. Caryota mitis, known as the clustering fishtail palm or fishtail palm, is a species of palm native to Tropical Asia from India to Java to southern China, now sparingly naturalized in southern Florida and in parts of Africa and Latin America. Description: Stems clustered, leaves bipinnate, leaflets or pinnules fish-tailed shaped hence the common name.Caryota mitis is an upright plant with a semi-vase shaped growth habit. As a rough estimate, figure your Caryota urens will get to fifty feet or more, Caryota gigas to thirty feet and C. mitis to fifteen feet, sometimes taller depending on where you live. Caryota mitis or Clustered Fishtail Palm does well only in the warmest parts of Zone 9. It’s probably one of the most elegant looking palms, bringing an upscale look to any room or garden. Your email address will not be published. Fishtail palms are found from Cape York through SE Asia to China and India; they grow in rainforests of varying altitudes. Propagation Seeds, division of clumps. “Cold hardy down to 15F” is NOT true. A very nice indoor plant, it tolerates heavy shade and light frosts. It's not a plant that is easy to grow, especially indoors, so you will need to give it some special care if you decide to grow it. Original publication date November 1993. C. mitis is native to Southeast Asia. Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns It goes into the details on how you can grow cold hardy palms in zones 7, 6 and even 5. Native Introduced Native and Introduced Propagation Seeds, division of clumps. Find help & information on Caryota mitis Burmese fishtail palm from the RHS Moisture: This palm needs adequate moisture, but with good drainage. Hopefully they will survive. In India, the leaves are used for thatching or woven into household items, the fibres from the leaf sheath are made into rope, and seeds made into beads. The Australian Fishtail (Caryota albertii) is a climber and makes a Wholesale and retail palms, delivered to your door across the East Coast of Australia. Also known as. Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden, Coral Gables, FL. It is sometimes grown indoors as a large houseplant. This page has been accessed 60,603 times. Specimens raised in dry and/or infertile soils tend to be smaller in stature with smaller leaves. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Maintenance: Easy. It does well in indoors containers. Fishtail palms are found from Cape York through SE Asia to China and India; they grow in rainforests of varying altitudes. Indoors usually not over 2.5m (8 feet) in height and 1.5m (5 feet) in width. palm DATA. Fast growing, great as an unusual indoor specimen. Floribunda Palms, Hawaii. Caryota mitis vary in shape. Fast growing, great as an unusual indoor specimen. Caryota mitis. Revised December 2018. Photo by Kev Spence. The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. It will tolerate light frosts, but is not hardy. Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast. It got great reviews and 5 out of 5 stars rating on Amazon. Caryota is a genus of palm trees.They are often known as fishtail palms because of the shape of their leaves. The stems are numerous and clumping. Uhl, C.B. Their roots are also relatively shallow for palms, making them susceptible to blowing over in high winds. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Exposure Partial Shade. Caryota mitis variegated Sign in to follow this . Flowers/Fruits: It produces beautiful creamy flowers that grow among the leaves. About the Caryota mitis palm also known as the Fishtail palm or the Burmese fishtail palm. Caryota mitis has clustered stems up to 10 m tall and 15 … Redefined by its bi-pinnate leaves that look just like fishtail fins, the Fishtail Palm (aptly named) wows. Burmese Fishtail Palm, Tufted Fishtail Palm. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Top 35 Types of Palm Trees (with Pictures), 10 Ways To Protect Palm Trees From Winter Freeze, 17 Palm Tree Insects & Diseases and How To Treat Them, 7 Tips for Minimizing Transplant Shock in Palm Trees, Transplanting Palm Tree to a Bigger Container, Transplanting Palm Tree From One Location to Another, Palms Won’t Grow Here and Other Myths: Warm-Climate Plants for Cooler Areas. Even chain saws struggle to get through this wood. For the most consistent growth, keep your palm tree evenly moist but not wet. Caryota mitis is the fishtail palm most commonly sold for houseplant and landscape use. Jaggary Palm, Caryota urens, is a flowering tree up to 12 m tall and 30 cm wide. The leaflets shaped like fishtails therefore the palm’s common name is Fishtail Palm. It contains oxalic acid which is toxic when ingested, and contact with skin may result in severe chemical burns. Caryota mitis: Fishtail Palm1 Edward F. Gilman, Dennis G. Watson, Ryan W. Klein, Andrew K. Koeser, Deborah R. Hilbert, and Drew C. McLean2 1. "This is a relatively commonly sold palm in the southern US, but it is not really one of the more ornamental of the Caryotas. Use a general-purpose potting mix with good drainage, because these trees like it on the drier side. So if oyu want a green one fertilize it a lot more than you would with other palms." Be the first to review “Caryota Mitis” Cancel reply. After the last flowering, the stem dies and should be removed. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. This foliage plant germinates and develops quickly, becoming an attractive, bushy, medium-sized palm, sporting many dark green, bipinnate leaves with fishtail-shaped leaflets that are unique to Caryota. This is the perfect foundation book for the gardener who would like to see a banana next to his cherry tree and a palm between his maples. This palm is cold hardy down to 15F and can be grown in states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas. This is a clustering species, with many trunks to about 6 m (18 FEET) tall, with bipinnate leaves. It is a single trunk tree, and it has an exotic look that can add some pizzazz to your garden space. Fine, Feathery Fronds Thrive on Neglect Why Fishtail Palm Trees? It is not hardy but will tolerate light frosts. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. (If you expect your tree to live for years, add pine park, perlite, or other porous drainage material to the soil to make it last longer.) USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11. This document is ENH283, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Cold Tolerance: The Fishtail Palm can tolerate cold temperatures down to 15F. Caryota mitis: Fishtail Palm1 Edward F. Gilman, Dennis G. Watson, Ryan W. Klein, Andrew K. Koeser, Deborah R. Hilbert, and Drew C. McLean2 1. It does best in the tropics. The leaves are bipinnate and 2m long, with segments that have a … Caryota mitis grows 20 feet tall and 15 feet wide and prefers moist soil. Find quick palm tree grower information on Caryota mitis online and where to buy this palm. The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. Fruit contains raphides in the flesh and cause skin irritation. Distribution: (Kyle Wicomb), The Clustered Fishtail Palm is probably the most widely grown of its kind, and for good reason. Caryota mitis: Hardiness Zones: 10-11: Mature Height: 15-25 Feet: Growth Rate: Moderate: Flower Prominence: Inconspicuous: Flower Color: Full sun to partial shade: Blooms: Average water needs: Water Needs: Consistent moist soil, Moderately Drought Tolerant: Cold Tolerance: Moderately Cold Hardy when mature: Light Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade Cultivation Full sun / good drainage, moist soil, easy and quickly germination. Clumping fishtail palm (Caryota mitis) is commonly cultivated in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of Australia. This palm tree is unique in many ways and will make a great natural privacy fence for any home or eco-friendly landscape. Think twice before putting it into an average sized garden (it does get BIG). We had 4 hours at 29F here in FL last week and it caused major damage to our fishtails. Because it is shallow rooted, it should be planted in an area protected from wind. Loam or Sand Texture. The Australian Fishtail (Caryota albertii) is a climber and makes a Wholesale and retail palms, delivered to your door across the East Coast of Australia. Fishtail palm is hardy to 15°F (Zone 8b). Appearance: The Fishtail Palm has multi stem grey trunk. Water Req: It requires a lot of water with good drainage. It does well in indoors containers. This moderately fast growing palm can get up to 10 – 20 ft tall and 5-10 ft wide. This species is one of the less hardy ones, and doesn't look good in marginal climates. Not too many growers of this species in California would describe it as a nice looking tree. South Florida and Hawaii are about the only climates in the US this palm looks good in... though it does passably indoors. The palm is also used in construction. Caryota rumphiana, cummingii , and C. no are shorter than the aforementioned species. Like other species in the genus (see C. urens), as well as the related genera Arenga (see A. engleri) and Wallichia, mature plants first begin flowering at the top of the stem. One of the more widely known species is Caryota urens, the flowers of which are used to make one type of jaggery (an unrefined sugar), and also to make palm wine. The Fishtail Palm has a unique flowering habit whereby the inflorescence develops from the top of the trunk first, followed by subsequent bunches moving downwards. Subsequent flowering proceeds lower and lower down the stem. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. The clump will survive, however, and continue to produce more stems. It is oftentimes cultivated as an ornamental tree in tropical and sub-tropical climates. Notes: One of the few clustering species of the genus, could be used as a horticultural fence. 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